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Base erosion and profit shifting

Base erosion and profit shifting refers to corporate tax planning strategies used by multinationals to "shift" profits from higher-tax jurisdictions to lower-tax jurisdictions, thus "eroding" the "tax-base" of the higher-tax jurisdictions. The Or ...

BEEPS

The Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey is an extensive economic survey undertaken as a joint initiative of the World Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. The BEEPS surveys are conducted in the countri ...

Binding corporate rules

Binding Corporate Rules or "BCRs" were developed by the European Union Article 29 Working Party to allow multinational corporations, international organizations, and groups of companies to make intra-organizational transfers of personal data acro ...

British business group

A British Business Group is an association or club of expatriate British business people. The aims of the group are typically to encourage trade with the host country and to provide a social environment for business networking. Typically a BBG wi ...

Business Model of Intercultural Analysis

The Business Model of Intercultural Analysis is a tool developed to address cross-cultural problems. The BMIA framework uses six comprehension lenses to analyze cross-cultural interaction in the business environment. The six comprehension lenses ...

CAGE Distance Framework

The CAGE Distance Framework identifies Cultural, Administrative, Geographic and Economic differences or distances between countries that companies should address when crafting international strategies. It may also be used to understand patterns o ...

Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility Segregated Portfolio Company

Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility Segregated Portfolio Company is an insurance company headquartered in the Cayman Islands. The sixteen original member-countries of CCRIF included participants in CARICOM, and the membership of the Boa ...

Certification of Competency in Business Analysis

The Certification of Capability in Business Analysis designation is a professional certification from International Institute of Business Analysis for business analysis practitioners who want to be recognized for their expertise and skills by ear ...

Competitive Alternatives

KPMGs Competitive Alternatives is a biennial guide to comparing international business site locations in North America, Europe, and Asia Pacific. The primary focus of the study is international business costs. The study measures the impact of sig ...

Country attractiveness

Country attractiveness is a multidisciplinary concept at the crossroads of development economics, financial economics, comparative law and political science: it aims at tracking and contrasting the relative appeal of different territories and jur ...

Foreign direct investment

A foreign direct investment is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country. It is thus distinguished from a foreign portfolio investment by a notion of direct control. Th ...

Global Arab Network

Global Arab Network is a comprehensive news and information service about the Arab world in English and Arabic, registered and based in London, UK. Founded in 2006, GAN covers news and information from the Middle East and North Africa concerning ...

Global framework agreement

A global framework agreement or GFA is a non-binding agreement between trade unions and multinational companies, which at minimum ensures workers within a companys world-wide operations can exercise fundamental labour rights in accordance with in ...

Globally integrated enterprise

The globally integrated enterprise is a term coined in 2006 by Sam Palmisano, the then CEO of IBM Corp, used to denote "a company that fashions its strategy, its management, and its operations in pursuit of a new goal: the integration of producti ...

International Business Wales

International Business Wales is a development agency of the Welsh Government set up with the remit of delivering support to help companies establish themselves in Wales. Once established in the country, companies are allocated a Relationship Mana ...

International expansion of Netflix

The company began offering streaming service to the international market on September 22, 2010 to Canada. At the time, Canadians could subscribe to Netflix for $7.99 a month, a rate that CEO Hastings called, "the lowest, most aggressive price wev ...

International University in Geneva

The International University in Geneva, founded in 1997, is a private business school registered as a not-for-profit Swiss foundation of higher education and located in Geneva, Switzerland. The business school is located at the International Cent ...

Investment Canada Act

The Investment Canada Act is a Canadian Federal law governing large foreign direct investment in Canada. The ICA was one of the first acts of Brian Mulroneys newly elected Progressive Conservative government, receiving royal assent on 20 June 198 ...

Journal of International Business Studies

The Journal of International Business Studies is a double blind peer-reviewed academic journal and the official publication of the Academy of International Business. It is published by Palgrave Macmillan and covers research on international busin ...

List of international business journals

The following is a list of major and notable scholarly journals in international business. The list is not comprehensive, as there are many other journals that are published. The list contains most of the prominent journals in the field. European ...

Jurisdictional arbitrage

Jurisdictional arbitrage is the practice of taking advantage of the discrepancies between competing legal jurisdictions. It takes its name from arbitrage, the practice in finance of purchasing a good at a lower price in one market and selling it ...

Multinational corporation

A multinational corporation is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country. Blacks Law Dictionary suggests that a company or group should be considered a multi ...

Offshoring

Offshoring is the relocation of a business process from one country to another - typically an operational process, such as manufacturing, or supporting processes, such as accounting. Typically this refers to a company business, although state gov ...

Outsourcing

Outsourcing is an agreement in which one company hires another company to be responsible for a planned or existing activity that is or could be done internally, and sometimes involves transferring employees and assets from one firm to another. Th ...

Psychic distance

Psychic distance is a perceived difference or distance between objects. The concept is used in aesthetics, international business and marketing, and computer science. Psychic distance is made up of the Greek word "psychikos – ψυχικός", an adjecti ...

Sales outsourcing

The sole purpose of a contract sales organization is to provide sales resource to its clients, without taking title to their products. Sales outsourcing providers include manufacturers representatives, contract sales organizations, sales agents o ...

Sourcing advisory

Sourcing advisory is the use of third-party advice during the sourcing process. As such, it may refer to advice sought during outsourcing, offshoring or global sourcing.

St Giles International

St Giles International is an English Language school group that was founded in 1955 in London, England, which has since developed into one of the largest private international English language training organisations in the UK. Today, St Giles tea ...

Study Group International

Study Group is a global company that prepares international students for university degree programmes, teaches high school education, and teaches English language courses. Study Group owns and operates colleges and also partners with more than 40 ...

Triad International

Triad International is a Multi-National private investment corporation that was owned by the late Adnan Khashoggi. Its investments include many notable properties and businesses throughout the World. The company consisted of subsidiary companies, ...

Virtual airline (economics)

In economics, a virtual airline is an airline that has outsourced as many possible operational and business functions as it can, but still maintains effective control of its core business. Such an airline focuses on operating a network of air ser ...

World Business Report (radio programme)

World Business Report is the BBC World Services international business and finance news programme, broadcast on Mondays at 0132 and weekdays at 1532 and 2232 GMT and produced at Broadcasting House in London. Each programme is 26 minutes long and ...

Xchanging

Xchanging is a business process and technology services provider and integrator, owned by DXC Technology. It provides technology-enabled business services to the commercial insurance industry. In outsourcing, Xchanging will typically take over a ...

Business journalism

Business journalism is the part of journalism that tracks, records, analyzes and interprets the business, economic and financial activities and changes that take place in societies. Topics widely cover the entire purview of all commercial activit ...

Galapagos syndrome

Galapagos syndrome is a term of Japanese origin, which refers to an isolated development branch of a globally available product. The term is used as an analogy to a part of Charles Darwins On the Origin of Species. Darwin encountered in the Galap ...

Morton Margolin Prize for Distinguished Business Reporting

The Morton Margolin Prize for Distinguished Business Reporting is an award for reporting in business journalism published in a Colorado newspaper or magazine. It is awarded by the University of Denver Daniels College of Business and the School of ...

Wage labour

Wage labour also wage labor in American English is the socioeconomic relationship between a worker and an employer, where the worker sells their labour power under a formal or informal employment contract. These transactions usually occur in a la ...

Affective labor

Affective labor is work carried out that is intended to produce or modify emotional experiences in people. This is in contrast to emotional labor, which is intended to produce or modify ones own emotional experiences. Coming out of Autonomist fem ...

Departmentalization

Departmentalization refers to the process of grouping activities into departments. Division of labour creates specialists who need coordination. This coordination is facilitated by grouping specialists together in departments.

Deskilling

Deskilling is the process by which skilled labor within an industry or economy is eliminated by the introduction of technologies operated by semiskilled or unskilled workers. This results in cost savings due to lower investment in human capital, ...

Dignity of labour

Social reformers such as Basava and his contemporary Sharanas, as well as Mahatma Gandhi, were prominent advocates of the dignity of labor. The dignity of labor is one of the major themes in Christian ethics, and as such, it is upheld by the Angl ...

Econodynamics

Econodynamics is an empirical science that studies emergences, motion and disappearance of value - a specific concept that is used for description of the processes of production and distribution of wealth. Econodynamics is based on the achievemen ...

Emotional labor

Emotional labor is the process of managing feelings and expressions to fulfill the emotional requirements of a job. More specifically, workers are expected to regulate their emotions during interactions with customers, co-workers and superiors. T ...

European Labour Authority

The European Labour Authority is a planned agency of the European Union tasked with coordinating and supporting the enforcement of EU labour law. The agency is expected to be up and running in 2019 and to reach full operational capacity by 2024. ...

Labor notes (currency)

Labor notes are an alternative currency based on exchange of hours of labor. Two early attempts at implementing labor notes were made by social reformers Josiah Warren and Robert Owen following their experiences attempting to establish a utopian ...

Labour voucher

Labour vouchers are a device proposed to govern demand for goods in some models of socialism and to replace some of the tasks performed by currency under capitalism.

Man-hour

A man-hour is the amount of work performed by the average worker in one hour. It is used for estimation of the total amount of uninterrupted labour required to perform a task. For example, researching and writing a college paper might require eig ...

Manual labour

Manual labour or manual work is physical work done by humans, in contrast to labour by machines and working animals. It is most literally work done with the hands and, by figurative extension, it is work done with any of the muscles and bones of ...

Marriage leave

Marriage leave is the legal right to enjoy leave of absence by an employee due to him or her getting married without loss of wages. Irish civil servants are entitled 5 days. In Malta, every employee is entitled 2 days marriage leave.

Minka (communal work)

Minka, Minka, Minga also mingaco or Spanish faena, is an Inca tradition of community work/voluntary collective labor for purposes of social utility and community infrastructure projects. It is practiced in several Latin American countries. Minka ...

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